Adjumani district was curved out of Moyo in 1997. It was initially called East Moyo County before it became a district. Adjumani District Local Government is one of the Districts in Uganda that has hosted refugees for a number of years, primarily from South Sudan. By December 2017 there were approximately 202,000 South Sudanese Refugees in the 18 Settlement Camps in the district.
Adjumani is one of the districts in the North-Western region of Uganda. It is bordered by Moyo district to the West and South Sudan to the North, Arua and Yumbe to the West with River Nile in between, and Amuru District in the South and East. It lies in the latitudes degrees of 3° 30′ 00″ N and Longitudes of 31° 45′ 00″ E.
Adjumani district lies at an approximate altitude ranging from 900 to 1500 meters above sea level. It is principally gentle undulating land merging into rock outcrops. The southern part of the district, especially the area occupied by Ciforo Sub-county comprises of highlands dropping into broad flat bottomed valleys while the north stands at a low slope gradient. The district is mainly underlain by a complex formation consisting of highly weathered and exposed hardcore rocks, quartzite sandstones, and clay gneiss.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the district with the main crops such as millet, beans and potatoes grown. Agriculture is mainly done at subsistence scale. Other cash crops such as coffee and cotton are also grown in addition to fishing in the Albert Nile.
According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics figures the district had a total population of 225,252 in 2014 with a projected population of 231,300 in 2018 of which 51.9% are female
Adjumani district has a total area of about 3128 Sq. Kilometres of which land area is 3081.2 square km.
Three main religious denominations are; Roman Catholicism, the Anglican Church and Muslims but there are also new emerging Pentecostals and Seventh Day Adventists. Majority are the Catholics who comprise about 70 percent followed by the Anglicans and the Islam.
The majority indigenes are the Madi. The main language spoken in Adjumani district is the Madi language but there are other languages such as Kuku, Kakwa, Bari and Lugbara. English and Kiswahili and widely spoken. The people of Adjumani are organized under the popular Madi Paramount Chiefdom, living alongside the Kuku, Lugbara, Kakwa and the Bari people whose origins are all traced from the Sudan.
Land Marks/ Historical sites
Indriani in Pakele-the site where first missionaries settled marks the entry of Catholic faith into Northern Uganda. The first health unit at Logoangwa Parish, in Pawinyo village, Dzaipi Sub County Adjumani district and The House of Maria. Zoka Forest, the pace of flying squirrels.
- Mr James Leku – District Chairman
- Mr Andrew Mwanje – Chief Administrative Officer
- Dominic Idro Tako – Speaker
- His Royal Highness Stephen Drani Musali Kongoro II – The Paramount Chief of Madi
- Mr Obuni Johnson – The Chief of the Oyuwi Clan under the Madi chiefdom
- Gen Moses Ali – Military commander, Member of Parliament Adjumani West, Deputy Prime Minister
- Mr Mark Dulu – Member of Parliament Adjumani East
- Ms Jessica Ababiku – Member of Parliament Adjumani Women
- Ms Jessica Eriyo – Deputy Secretary General of the East African Cooperation
- Ambassador Phillip Idro – Diplomat, farmer and thought leader