Koboko District was carved out of Arua and commenced administrative functions as an independent district in August 2005. The town was a vibrant headquarters of the then North Nile District comprising of Maracha, Koboko and Aringa counties. However, after the fall of Idi Amini’s regime in 1979, the District collapsed and was subsumed under Arua. During 1980s and 1990s, Koboko was a battle field for various rebel factions. It is also the birth place of former president Field Marshal Idd Amin Dada.
Koboko District is situated on the extreme corner of North Western part of Uganda; it is bordered by the Republic of South Sudan to the North, Yumbe District to the East, Democratic Republic of Congo to the West and Maracha District to the South. The district headquarters are located approximately 55 kilometres (34 miles), by road, north of Arua the largest town in the sub-region. Koboko is approximately 480 kilometres (300 miles), by road, North-west of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda.
Koboko district comprises mainly of flat rolling plains occurring at 3,160 to 5,283 feet above sea level with isolated undulating hills mainly in the western and northern parts of the district towards the South Sudan boarder, with a slight slope towards the East. The area where the three international borders meet consists mainly of hills and rocks hosting remains of some the indigenous savannah woodlands.
The main economic activity in Koboko is agriculture though most of the farming is done on subsistence scale. A large population is also engaged in trade across the boarders due to the district’s strategic location to two international boundaries of South Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo. Other economic activities in the district are fish farming, employment in civil service and other petty jobs.
According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics figures the district had a total population of 206,495 in 2014 with a projected population of 237,90000 in 2018 of which 50.5% are female
The district has a total land area of 820.8 km2. It is 1,285 m (4,216 ft) above sea level.
The main religious denominations in Koboko are Roman Catholic, Anglican and Islam though there are Seventh Day Adventists, traditionalists and atheists.
The majority native tribe of koboko is the Kakwa people. Their language is also called Akakwa, a Bari dialect, belonging to the Eastern Nilotic language family.
Land Marks/Historic sites
Salia-Musala where the three countries Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan meet. The Adolomela creator lake, located in Ludara Sub County is an amazing scenery in a unique location. The slopes and caves on mountain Liru and other hills in the district, Kaya View and King Ali Kenyi’s grave site are some of the tourism promotion sites in the district. Ancestral home of former Ugandan President late Field Marshal Idd Amin located one-and-a-half kilometer West of Koboko town along the Uganda-Congo border.
Current District leadership
- Mr Hassan Nginya – District Chairperson
- Canon George Adongo – Chief Administrative Officer
- Mr Wilson Sanya – Mayor Koboko Municipal Council
- Late Field Marshal Iddi Amin Dada – Former President of Republic of Uganda
- Mr Isaac Todoko – Chairman District Farmers’ Association Koboko
- Ms Elizabeth Ayume – The Resident District Commissioner
- Mr Idd Taban – Businessman
- Ms Evelyn Anite – Politician, Uganda Government Minister
- Mr Ahmend Awongo – Businessman and former Member of Parliament
- Mr Lobidra – Former Minister of Labour and Social Development
- Mr Charles Yangu – Fish Farmer and Businessman
- Late Brig Isaac Lumago – Former Army Commander
- Late Francis Ayume – Former Attorney General, politician and Cabinet Minister
- Ambassador James Baba – Politician, former diplomat and Uganda Government Minister
- Late Brig. Charles Arube – Former army chief and first to stage unsuccessful coup against Idd Amin Dada
- Dr Kajobe Robert – Scientist, Agricultural Researcher