Moyo district is one of the oldest districts in Uganda created in 1956 before the declaration of independence of Uganda. Originally, it was known as Madi District with Adjumani inclusive.
Moyo district is located in the North-Western part of Uganda. The Nile River forms its Southern and Eastern border, South Sudan its Northern border, Yumbe and Arua districts form its Western border.
The District’s Topography is characterized by low planes and rolling hills along the Nile River at 900m above sea level rising to a series of hills and peaks. The highest peak is Mt. Otze at 1500m above sea level.
Major Economic Activities
About 80% of the households in Moyo District depend mainly on subsistence agriculture as their main economic activity. Only 9.7% of the population was dependant on earned incomes and 0.4% on property income by 2014 statistics. The major crops grown include sweet potatoes, sorghum, cassava, simsim (sesame seeds), groundnut, finger millet, maize, cowpeas and beans. Fishing is another main economic activity in the district. The Nile River is the main source of fish within the district. Majority of the households who depend on subsistence farming as their main source of livelihood use rudimental tools and methods for cultivation i.e. the hand hoe and family labor resulting into low productivity.
According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics figures the district had a total population of 139,012 in 2014 with a projected population of 150,900 in 2018 of which 50.4% are female
In total, the district covers an area of 2,059 Square Km, of which 192Km2 comprises rivers and swamps, 172Km2 is gazetted forest and game reserves. Approximately 78.9% of the district’s land is arable or suitable for cattle grazing. The distance from the district headquarters to Kampala is 640 kilometers
Moyo is predominantly a Christian district with the main religion being the Roman Catholics followed by the Anglicans and the Muslims. This religious composition has a historical background in the fact that the first Christians to step foot in the region settled at Pakele in Adjumani district.
The dominant tribe in Moyo district is the Madi people who are living side by side with the Kuku, Kakwa, Murle, Alur and the Lugbara. But the 1995 Ugandan Constitution allows any Ugandan to settle in any part of the country. Internal migntaion has brought in the Acholi people, Baganda and many other Ugandan nationals of different ethnicities who have either been attracted by business opportunities or government business. Madi are known to have originated from Sudan and their language is similar to that of the Bari of South Sudan.
Landmarks / Historical sites
The district possesses a lot of historical sites dating back to pre-colonial days when West Nile region and greater parts of Northern Uganda was colonized by the Egyptians. The sites include; Limestone burning Hole at Arapi lime factory in Metu Sub County, a tourist attraction cave also in Metu Sub County, Emin Pasha’s underground Fort at Dufile on the banks of River Nile near Nimule and Mt. Otze in Metu Sub County.
Administratively, the district is divided into two counties namely, West Moyo and Obongi. The district has nine sub-counties and one Town Council, 44 parishes and 234 villages.
- Mr Williams Anyama – District Chairman
- Mr. Alex Pilimo – Chief Administrative Officer
- Mr Martin Caiga – District Speaker
- Mr Tom Alero Aza – Member of Parliament, Moyo County
- Dr. Joyce Moriku – Woman Member of Parliament, Moyo County
- Hon. Hassan Kaps Fungaroo – Member of Parliament, Obongi County
- Mr Mariano Drametu – Educationist and Former Democratic Party Secretary General
- Late Felix Onama – Former Minister of Defence, Obote II government
- Dr Donald Amundruza Amoko – South African based gynaecologist and obstetrician
- Late Prof Abraham Kiapi – Leading administrative and constitutional law expert and university don
- Mr Jimmy Vukuni – Businessman and Politician
- Fr Grace Waigo – Director of Multi-purpose centres of Moyo and Adjumani
- Dr Moses Apiliga – Medical practitioner and politician