From the date of Uganda’s independence in 1962, Nebbi District was part of the then West Nile District until 1974 when it was divided into North Nile, Central Nile and South Nile District which later, became Nebbi district in 1980.
Nebbi district is bordered to the North by Arua District, Zombo to the West, Amuru and Nwoya districts to the East, Bullisia to the South-East and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the South-West.
Nebbi lies between altitudes 2289 ft to 5224 ft above sea level. The landscape offers one of the best sceneries in Uganda. The generally extensive plains of the East gently rise into the undulating hills of the West. Faulting and rifting along the western arm of the East African rift valley zone extends from Panyimur into Jukia hills.
Over 85% of the District population is engaged in subsistence farming. Much of what is produced is consumed at the household level and less than 40% is marketed. The main crops grown are cotton, coffee, simsim, sorghum, millet, sweet potatoes, beans, cassava, maize, bananas and vegetables.
According to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics figures the district had a total population of 238,757 in 2014 with a projected population of 265,700 in 2018 of which 51.9% are female.
The district has a total land area of 1984 km2.
The dominant religious denominations are the Catholic and Anglican churches. However, several smaller groups also exist. About 80% of the population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church while the Anglican society accounts for about 15% and the rest of the population profess other beliefs.
Nebbi district is a habitant of the Nilotics who are Alur by tribe as provided for in the constitution of the Republic of Uganda. The main language spoken is Alur. However, there are also other people who speak languages such as kebu, Lunyoro, Lugbara, Madi and kakwa especially in the centre of Nebbi Town. Though politically Nebbi and Zombo are different, their people are under one cultural leader referred to as KER ALUR (Alur Kingdom). The kingdom is headed by His Highness King Phillip Olarker Rauni III whose administration stretches up to Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The people are known for their traditional Agwara dance.
Landmarks/ Historical Sites
There are a number of interesting, sites with high potentials of tourist attractions. They include but not limited to; Italian site in Erussi Sub-County, Biku prayer centre (Smallest Church in the World) on Nduru rock, in Nebbi Municipal, Fort Emin Pasha in Wadelai Sub-County, Nyamuliya, and Loj judongo in Kucwiny Sub-County.
Current District Leadership
- Mr Esrom William Alenyo – District Chairperson District Chairperson
- Mr. Geofrey Bukaka – District Chief Administrative Officer
- Mr Owiny Grace – District Speaker
- Mr James Chombe – Nebbi Municipality Mayor
- Mr Joshua Anywrach – Member of Parliament Padyere County
- Ms. Jacqueline Aol – Member of Parliament Nebbi Women
- Mr Okumu Ringa – Former Minister of Public Service and Manager General Motors
- Mr Komakech Geoffrey Adubango – Businessman and Contractor
- His Royal Highness King Philip Olar-Ker – King of Alur Kingdom
- The late Luke Kercan Ofungi – Former Inspector General of Uganda Police, Businessman
- Ms Lilly Ajarova – Tourism expert, conservationist
- Mr Vincent Okaba – Businessman
- Ms Suzan Kerunen – Musician, Ugandan cultural tourism ambassador
- Rt Rev Henry Luke Orombo – Retired Arch Bishop Anglican Church of Uganda